Hypersomnias: disturbances and sleep disorders

Hypersomnias: disturbances and sleep disorders

Under the category of hypersomnia are grouped diseases manifesting excessive daytime sleepiness as a unifying and common symptom.

The subjects showed an inability to stay awake during the day and an uncontrollable tendency to sleep in any situation.

Between the hypersomnias types we can find these disturbances and sleep disorders:

–     Narcolepsy with cataplexy
–     Narcolepsy without cataplexy
–     Narcolepsy seconday
–     Recurrent Hypersomnia
–     Idiopathic hypersomnia
–     Behavior by insufficient sleep hypersomnia
–     Nonorganic hypersomnia
–     Organic hypersomnia


One way to determine the degree of severity of these diseases, it is quantified as symptoms interfere in everyday circumstances. The American Association of Sleep Disorders defines three levels of intensity of daytime sleepiness.

–       Mild hypersomnia: The trend to uncontrolled sleep occurs in monotonous situations or semi-rest: watching television, passengers that do not drive, in lectures or conferences.

–       Hypersomnia moderate: It occurs when the subject performs activities requiring a level of attention and active involvement.

–       Severe Hypersomnia: Any daily activity is influenced by intense episodes of uncontrollable sleepiness. This level implies an absolute dependence because quality of life is reduced considerably as the daily acts are subject to the whims of sleep attacks.

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